Annual report pursuant to Section 13 and 15(d)

Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (Policies)

Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (Policies)
12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2012
Summary Of Significant Accounting Policies Policies  
Nature of Business and Going Concern

The Company was incorporated under the laws of the State of Florida on May 3, 1989 as Sparta Ventures Corp. and remained inactive until June 27, 1998. The name of the Company was changed to Thermal Ablation Technologies Corporation on October 8, 1998 and then to, Inc. on August 10, 1999. On September 15, 2003, the Company changed its name to Legal Play Entertainment Inc. and on November 8, 2006, the name of the Company was changed to Synthenol Inc. Effective November 3, 2008, the Company merged with and into a wholly-owned subsidiary, SinoCubate, Inc., which remained the surviving entity of the merger. SinoCubate, Inc. was formed in the State of Nevada on September 11, 2008. The merger resulted in a change of name of the Company from Synthenol Inc. to SinoCubate, Inc. and a change in the state of incorporation of the Company from Florida to Nevada. On June 13, 2012, the Company changed its name to Viking Investments Group, Inc., ("Viking Investments" or "the Company") and effective July 16, 2012, the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (“FINRA”) approved this name change, and the Company’s ticker symbol was changed to “VKIN.”


Beginning in November 2008, the Company sought to enter into contractual arrangements with entities that allow the Company to either purchase outright the assets and/or business operations of such entities or to enter into business arrangements, such as joint ventures or similar combinations with such entities to manage and operate such entities. In 2011, the Company began providing incubation and consulting services to emerging market companies. Commencing from the third quarter of the year 2012, the Company is no longer a development stage enterprise and starts to generate revenue.


The company established a registered representative office in Shanghai City, People’s Republic China (“PRC”) and through which the Company carries out certain permitted activities.


The Company had a net loss of $429,177 and $3,106,230 for the years ended December 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011 respectively. The Company had cash balances in the amount of $159,297 as at December 31, 2012. The Company had a working capital deficiency in the amount of $80,891 as of December 31, 2012.  The Company’s negative stockholders’ equity were ($80,891) and ($20,075) as at December 31, 2012 and 2011 respectively. The Company’s ability to continue as a going concern is dependent upon its ability to generate future profitable operations and/or to obtain the necessary financing to meet its obligations and repay its liabilities arising from normal business operations when they come due. Management has no formal plan in place to address this concern but considers that the Company will be able to obtain additional funds by equity financing and/or related party advances; however there is no assurance of additional funding being available.

Consolidated Financial Statements

The financial statements presented herein reflect the consolidated financial results of the Company and its wholly owned subsidiary Viking Delaware. All significant intercompany transactions and balances have been eliminated upon consolidation.


The foregoing audited consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles or GAAP for consolidated financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-K as promulgated by the Securities and Exchange Commission or the SEC. Accordingly, these consolidated financial statements include all of the disclosures required by generally accepted accounting principles for complete consolidated financial statements. In the opinion of management, the audited consolidated financial statements furnished herein include all adjustments, all of which are of a normal recurring nature, necessary for a fair statement of the results for the period presented.


Basis of Presentation

The consolidated financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in United States (“US GAAP”) and are expressed in U.S. dollars. The Company’s fiscal year-end is December 31.

Use of Estimates

The preparation of consolidated financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make certain estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts and timing of revenues and expenses, the reported amounts and classification of assets and liabilities, and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. The Company’s actual results could vary materially from management’s estimates and assumptions. Significant areas requiring the use of management estimates relate to the determination of expected tax rates for future income tax recoveries, stock-based compensation and impairment of long-term investment.

Financial Instruments

ASC Topic 820, “Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures,” requires disclosure of the fair value of financial instruments held by the Company. ASC Topic 820, “Financial Instruments,” defines fair value, and establishes a three-level valuation hierarchy for disclosures of fair value measurement that enhances disclosure requirements for fair value measures. The carrying amounts reported in the balance sheets for other receivables and accrued liabilities, short term loan, other payable and due to director each qualify as financial instruments and are a reasonable estimate of their fair values because of the short period of time between the origination of such instruments and their expected realization and their current market rate of interest. The three levels of valuation hierarchy are defined as follows:


· Level 1: inputs to the valuation methodology are quoted prices (unadjusted) for identical assets or liabilities in active markets.


· Level 2: inputs to the valuation methodology include quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets, and inputs that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly, for substantially the full term of the financial instrument.


· Level 3: inputs to the valuation methodology are unobservable and significant to the fair value measurement.


    December 31  
    2012     2011  
    Carrying Value     Estimated Fair Value     Carrying Value     Estimated Fair Value  
Financial Assets                        
Cash   $ 159,297       159,297     $ 7,946       7,946  
Other receivables     7,332       7,332       718       718  
Financial Liabilities                                
Short-term loan     79,282       79,282       -       -  
Other payable     62,641       62,641       -       -  
Amount due to director     49,767       49,767       -       -  
Accrued Liabilities     55,830       55,830       28,739       28,739  


The Company provides disclosures regarding financial instruments as prescribed by generally accepted accounting principles. These disclosures do not purport to represent the aggregate net fair value of the Company. The long-term investment was fully impaired as of December 31, 2011. (See Note 5)


Cash includes bank deposits and cash on hand.

Loss per share

Basic net loss per share is computed by dividing the net loss by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted net loss per share is computed by dividing the net loss by the weighted-average number of common shares and, adjusted by any effects of warrants and options outstanding, if dilutive, that may add to the number of common shares during the period.

Revenue Recognition

Revenues from contracts for consulting services with fees based on time and materials are recognized as the services are performed and amounts are earned in accordance with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) Staff Accounting Bulletin (“SAB”) No. 101, “Revenue Recognition in Financial Statements” (“SAB 101”), as amended by SAB No. 104, “Revenue Recognition” (“SAB 104”). The Company considers amounts to be earned once evidence of an arrangement has been obtained, services are delivered, fees are fixed or determinable, and collectability is reasonably assured. In such contracts, the Company’s efforts, measured by time incurred, typically represent the contractual milestones or output measure, which is the contractual earnings pattern. For consulting contracts with fixed fees, the Company recognizes revenues in accordance with contract terms, and when the services are delivered, price is determinable and the revenue is earned or collectable.


Comprehensive Income

FASB ASC 220 “Comprehensive Income,” establishes standards for the reporting and display of comprehensive income and its components in the consolidated financial statements. For the fiscal years ended December 31, 2012 and 2011, comprehensive loss was $ (429,177) and $ (3,106,230) respectively.

Income Taxes

The Company accounts for income taxes under FASB Codification Topic 740-10-25 (“ASC 740-10-25”). Under ASC 740-10-25, deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. Under ASC 740-10-25, the effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in income in the period that includes the enactment date. The Company provides a valuation allowance for deferred tax assets for which it does not consider realization of such assets likely. The Company did not incur any material impact to its financial condition or results of operations due to the financial statement recognition and measurement of a tax position taken or expected to be taken in a tax return. The Company is subject to U.S federal jurisdiction income tax examinations for the tax years 2006 through 2012. In addition, the Company is subject to state and local income tax examinations for the tax years 2006 through 2012.

Stock-based compensation

The Company may issue stock options to employees and stock options or warrants to non-employees in non-capital raising transactions for services and for financing costs. The Company has adopted ASC Topic 718 (formerly SFAS 123R), “Accounting for Stock-Based Compensation”, which establishes a fair value method of accounting for stock-based compensation plans. In accordance with guidance now incorporated in ASC Topic 718, the cost of stock options and warrants issued to employees and non-employees is measured on the grant date based on the fair value. The fair value is determined using the Black-Scholes option pricing model. The resulting amount is charged to expense on the straight-line basis over the period in which the Company expects to receive the benefit, which is generally the vesting period.


The fair value of stock warrants was determined at the date of grant using the Black-Scholes option pricing model. The Black-Scholes option model requires management to make various estimates and assumptions, including expected term, expected volatility, risk-free rate, and dividend yield. The expected term represents the period of time that stock-based compensation awards granted are expected to be outstanding and is estimated based on considerations including the vesting period, contractual term and anticipated employee exercise patterns. Expected volatility is based on the historical volatility of the Company’s stock. The risk-free rate is based on the U.S. Treasury yield curve in relation to the contractual life of stock-based compensation instrument. The dividend yield assumption is based on historical patterns and future expectations for the Company dividends.

Long-term investment

Management determines the appropriate classification of investment securities at the time of purchase. Securities are classified held-to-maturity when the Company has both the positive intent and ability to hold the securities to maturity. Held-to-maturity securities are stated at amortized cost. Securities that are bought and held principally for the purpose of selling in the near term are classified as trading securities and reported at fair value, with unrealized gains and losses included in earnings. Securities not classified as held-to-maturity or trading are classified as available-for-sale. Available-for-sale securities are stated at fair value, with the impairment losses, net of income taxes, charged to net income in the period in which it occurs.


The fair value of securities is based on quoted market prices. If a quoted market price is not available, fair value is estimated using quoted market prices for similar securities. A decline in the market value of any available-for-sale or held-for-maturity security below cost that is deemed to be other-then-temporary results in a reduction in carrying amount to fair value.


Impairments that are considered other-than-temporary are recognized as a loss in the consolidated statements of operations. The Company considers various factors in reviewing impairments, including the length of time and extent to which fair value has been less than the Company’s cost basis, the financial condition and near-term prospects of the issuer, and the Company’s intent and ability to hold the investments for a period of time sufficient to allow for any anticipated recovery in market value.


As December 31, 2012 and 2011, the Company had no trading and held-to-maturity securities. The Company’s long-term investment was classified as available-for-sale and was determined to be fully impaired.

Foreign currency exchange

An entity's functional currency is the currency of the primary economic environment in which it operates, normally that is the currency of the environment in which the entity primarily generates and expends cash. Management's judgment is essential to determine the functional currency by assessing various indicators, such as cash flows, sales price and market, expenses, financing and inter-company transactions and arrangements. The reporting currency of the Company is U.S. Dollar, and the functional currency of its PRC operation is RMB. PRC is the primary economic environment in which the Representative Office operates. The reporting currency of these consolidated financial statements is the U.S. Dollar.

For financial reporting purposes, the financial statements of the Company's Representative Office which is prepared using the RMB are translated into the Company's reporting currency, the U.S. dollar. Assets and liabilities are translated using the exchange rate at each balance sheet date. Revenue and expenses are translated using average rates prevailing during each reporting period, and shareholders' equity is translated at historical exchange rates. Adjustments resulting from the translation are recorded as a separate component of accumulated other comprehensive income in stockholders' equity.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

In July 2012, the FASB issued ASU 2012-02, “Testing Indefinite-Lived Intangible Assets for Impairment,” which provides companies with the option to first assess qualitative factors in determining whether the existence of events and circumstances indicates that it is more likely than not that an indefinite-lived intangible asset is impaired. If, after assessing the totality of events and circumstances, an entity concludes that it is not more likely than not that an indefinite-lived intangible asset is impaired, then the entity is not required to take further action. However, if an entity concludes otherwise, then it is required to determine the fair value of the indefinite-lived intangible asset and perform the quantitative impairment test by comparing the fair value with the carrying value. Previously, companies were required to perform the quantitative impairment test at least annually. The new accounting guidance is effective for annual and interim impairment tests performed for fiscal years beginning after September 15, 2012. The Company does not anticipate the adoption of the new accounting guidance to have a significant effect on our financial condition or results of operations.


In Oct 2012, FASB issued ASU 2012-06, Subsequent Accounting for an Indemnification Asset Recognized at the Acquisition Date as a Result of a Government-Assisted Acquisition of a Financial Institution. In summary, the ASU required post-acquisition date changes in the value of an indemnification asset to be accounted for on the same basis as the change in the underlying asset subject to the indemnification. For public entities, the amendments in this Update are effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning on or after December 15, 2012. Early adoption is permitted.


In Oct 2012, FASB issued ASU 2012-04, Technical Corrections and Improvements. The amendments in this update cover a wide range of Topics in the accounting standards codification. These amendments include technical corrections and improvements to the accounting standards codification and conforming amendments related to fair value measurements. The amendments in this update will be effective for fiscal periods beginning after December 15 2012. The adoption of ASU 2012-04 is not expected to have a material impact on the Company’s financial position or results of operation.


In Aug 2012, the FASB issued ASU 2012-03 “Technical Amendments and Corrections to SEC Sections: Amendments to SEC Paragraphs Pursuant to SEC SAB No. 114, Technical Amendments Pursuant to SEC Release No. 33-9250, and Corrections Related to FASB Accounting Standards Update 2010-22 (SEC update)” in accounting standards update No.2012-03. This update amends various SEC paragraphs pursuant to the issuance of SAB No. 114 The adoption of ASU 2012-03 is not expected to have a material impact on the Company’s financial position or result of operation.


In Jan 2013, the FASB issued ASU 2013-01, “Balance Sheet (Topic 210): Clarifying the Scope of Disclosures about Offsetting Assets and Liabilities ” The amendments clarify that the scope of Update 2011-11 applies to derivatives accounted for in accordance with Topic 815, Derivatives and Hedging, including bifurcated embedded derivatives, repurchase agreements and reverse repurchase agreements, and securities borrowing and securities lending transactions that are either offset in accordance with Section 210-20-45 or Section 815-10-45 or subject to an enforceable master netting arrangement or similar agreement. An entity is required to apply the amendments for fiscal years beginning on or after January 1, 2013, and interim periods within those annual periods. An entity should provide the required disclosures retrospectively for all comparative periods presented. The effective date is the same as the effective date of Update 2011-11.


In Feb 2013, the FASB issued ASU 2013-02, “Comprehensive Income (Topic 220): Reporting of Amounts Reclassified Out of Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income ” The amendments do not change the current requirements for reporting net income or other comprehensive income in financial statements. However, the amendments require an entity to provide information about the amounts reclassified out of accumulated other comprehensive income by component. In addition, an entity is required to present, either on the face of the statement where net income is presented or in the notes, significant amounts reclassified out of accumulated other comprehensive income by the respective line items of net income but only if the amount reclassified is required under U.S. GAAP to be reclassified to net income in its entirety in the same reporting period. For other amounts that are not required under U.S. GAAP to be reclassified in their entirety to net income, an entity is required to cross-reference to other disclosures required under U.S. GAAP that provide additional detail about those amounts. For public entities, the amendments are effective prospectively for reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2012.


In March 2013, the FASB issued ASU 2013-05, “Foreign Currency Matter (Topic 830): Parent’s Accounting for the Cumulative Translation Adjustment upon Derecognition of Certain Subsidiaries or Groups of Assets within a Foreign Entity or of an Investment in a Foreign Entity a consensus of the FASB Emerging Issues Task Force” The amendments in this Update are effective prospectively for fiscal years (and interim reporting periods within those years) beginning after December 15, 2013. Early adoption is permitted. If an entity elects to early adopt the amendments, it should apply them as of the beginning of the entity’s fiscal year of adoption.