Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
|3 Months Ended|
Mar. 31, 2013
|Notes to Financial Statements|
|Note 3. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies||
The accompanying unaudited interim consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in United States or U.S. GAAP for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q as promulgated by the Securities and Exchange Commission or the SEC. Accordingly, these financial statements do not include all of the disclosures required by generally accepted accounting principles for complete financial statements. The accompanying unaudited financial statements and related notes should be read in conjunction with the audited financial statements and the Form 10-K of the Company for the year ended December 31, 2012. In the opinion of management, the unaudited interim financial statements furnished herein include all adjustments, all of which are of a normal recurring nature, necessary for a fair statement of the results for the interim period presented. The results of operations for such periods are not necessarily indicative of the results expected for a full year or for any future period.
The financial statements presented herein reflect the consolidated financial results of the Company and its wholly owned subsidiary Viking Delaware. All significant intercompany transactions and balances have been eliminated upon consolidation.
The foregoing interim unaudited consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles or GAAP for consolidated financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q as promulgated by the Securities and Exchange Commission or the SEC. Accordingly, these consolidated financial statements include all of the disclosures required by generally accepted accounting principles for complete consolidated financial statements.
The preparation of consolidated financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make certain estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts and timing of revenues and expenses, the reported amounts and classification of assets and liabilities, and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. The Companys actual results could vary materially from managements estimates and assumptions. Significant areas requiring the use of management estimates relate to the determination of expected tax rates for future income tax recoveries, stock-based compensation and impairment of long-term investment.
ASC Topic 820, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures, requires disclosure of the fair value of financial instruments held by the Company. ASC Topic 820, Financial Instruments, defines fair value, and establishes a three-level valuation hierarchy for disclosures of fair value measurement that enhances disclosure requirements for fair value measurements. The carrying amounts reported in the balance sheets for receivables and current liabilities each qualify as financial instruments and are a reasonable estimate of their fair values because of the short period of time between the origination of such instruments and their expected realization and their current market rate of interest. The three levels of valuation hierarchy are defined as follows:
The Company provides disclosures regarding financial instruments as prescribed by generally accepted accounting principles. These disclosures do not purport to represent the aggregate net fair value of the Company. The long-term investment is impaired and its carrying value is reduced to reflect its fair value based on level 3 inputs. The fair value estimates are based on various assumptions, methodologies, subjective considerations and the Guaranty and Repurchase Agreement entered into between the Company and Viking Nevis, which vary widely among different financial institutions and which are subject to change.
Revenues from contracts for consulting services with fees based on time and materials are recognized as the services are performed and amounts are earned in accordance with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the SEC) Staff Accounting Bulletin (SAB) No. 101, Revenue Recognition in Financial Statements (SAB 101), as amended by SAB No. 104, Revenue Recognition (SAB 104). The Company considers amounts to be earned once evidence of an arrangement has been obtained, services are delivered, fees are fixed or determinable, and collectability is reasonably assured. In such contracts, the Companys efforts, measured by time incurred, typically represent the contractual milestones or output measure, which is the contractual earnings pattern. For consulting contracts with fixed fees, the Company recognizes revenues in accordance with contract terms, and when the services are delivered, price is determinable and the revenue is earned or collectable.
Cash includes bank deposits and cash on hand.
Basic net loss per share is computed by dividing the net loss by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted net loss per share is computed by dividing the net loss by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding and, adjusted by any effects of warrants and options outstanding, if dilutive, that may add to the number of common shares outstanding during the period.
FASB ASC 220 Comprehensive Income, establishes standards for the reporting and display of comprehensive income and its components in the consolidated financial statements. For the three months ended March, 2013 and 2012, comprehensive loss was $ (86,041) and $ (101,177) respectively.
The Company accounts for income taxes under FASB Codification Topic 740-10-25 (ASC 740-10-25). Under ASC 740-10-25, deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. Under ASC 740-10-25, the effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in income in the period that includes the enactment date. The Company provides a valuation allowance for deferred tax assets for which it does not consider realization of such assets likely. The Company did not incur any material impact to its financial condition or results of operations due to the financial statement recognition and measurement of a tax position taken or expected to be taken in a tax return. The Company is subject to U.S federal jurisdiction income tax examinations for the tax years 2006 through 2012. In addition, the Company is subject to state and local income tax examinations for the tax years 2006 through 2012.
The Company may issue stock options to employees and stock options or warrants to non-employees in non-capital raising transactions for services and for financing costs. The Company has adopted ASC Topic 718 (formerly SFAS 123R), Accounting for Stock-Based Compensation, which establishes a fair value method of accounting for stock-based compensation plans. In accordance with guidance now incorporated in ASC Topic 718, the cost of stock options and warrants issued to employees and non-employees is measured on the grant date based on the fair value. The fair value is determined using the Black-Scholes option pricing model. The resulting amount is charged to expense on the straight-line basis over the period in which the Company expects to receive the benefit, which is generally the vesting period.
The fair value of stock warrants was determined at the date of grant using the Black-Scholes option pricing model. The Black-Scholes option model requires management to make various estimates and assumptions, including expected term, expected volatility, risk-free rate, and dividend yield. The expected term represents the period of time that stock-based compensation awards granted are expected to be outstanding and is estimated based on considerations including the vesting period, contractual term and anticipated employee exercise patterns. Expected volatility is based on the historical volatility of the Companys stock. The risk-free rate is based on the U.S. Treasury yield curve in relation to the contractual life of stock-based compensation instrument. The dividend yield assumption is based on historical patterns and future expectations for the Company to declare dividends.
Leasehold improvements represent the office decoration expense, and are amortized over the lease term. Leasehold improvements are reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of such assets may not be recoverable. An impairment loss is recognized if the carrying amount of the asset exceeds its fair value.
Management determines the appropriate classification of investment securities at the time of purchase. Securities are classified held-to-maturity when the Company has both the positive intent and ability to hold the securities to maturity. Held-to-maturity securities are stated at amortized cost. Securities that are bought and held principally for the purpose of selling in the near term are classified as trading securities and reported at fair value, with unrealized gains and losses included in earnings. Securities not classified as held-to-maturity or trading are classified as available-for-sale. Available-for-sale securities are stated at fair value, with the impairment losses, net of income taxes, charged to net income in the period in which it occurs.
The fair value of securities is based on quoted market prices. If a quoted market price is not available, fair value is estimated using quoted market prices for similar securities. A decline in the market value of any available-for-sale or held-for-maturity security below cost that is deemed to be other-then-temporary results in a reduction in carrying amount to fair value.
Impairments that are considered other-than-temporary are recognized as a loss in the consolidated statements of operations. The Company considers various factors in reviewing impairments, including the length of time and extent to which fair value has been less than the Companys cost basis, the financial condition and near-term prospects of the issuer, and the Companys intent and ability to hold the investments for a period of time sufficient to allow for any anticipated recovery in market value.
As March 31, 2013 and 2012, the Company had no trading and held-to-maturity securities. The Companys long-term investment in the China Wood Shares was written off as of December 31, 2011. See Note 4 for more information regarding the China Wood Shares.
The companys presentation currency is USD and the functional currency is the local currency, RMB. Monetary assets and liabilities are translated into USD at the balance sheet date exchange rate and nonmonetary assets and liabilities are translated at historical exchange rates. Income and expenses are translated at average exchange rates for the year. Foreign currency translation adjustments are recorded directly as other comprehensive income, a component of stockholders equity.
Short-term loan is obligation which is to be repaid within one year of the date issued.
Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements
In Oct 2012, FASB issued ASU 2012-04, Technical Corrections and Improvements. The amendments in this update cover a wide range of Topics in the accounting standards codification. These amendments include technical corrections and improvements to the accounting standards codification and conforming amendments related to fair value measurements. The amendments in this update will be effective for fiscal periods beginning after December 15 2012. The adoption of ASU 2012-04 is not expected to have a material impact on the Companys financial position or results of operation.
In Aug 2012, the FASB issued ASU2012-03 Technical Amendments and Corrections to SEC Sections: Amendments to SEC Paragraphs Pursuant to SEC SAB No. 114, Technical Amendments Pursuant to SEC Release No. 33-9250, and Corrections Related to FASB Accounting Standards Update 2010-22(SEC update) in accounting standards update No.2012-03. This update amends various SEC paragraphs pursuant to the issuance of SAB No. 114 The adoption of ASU 2012-03 is not expected to have a material impact on the Companys financial position or result of operation.
In Jan 2013, the FASB issued ASU 2013-01, Balance Sheet (Topic 210): Clarifying the Scope of Disclosures about Offsetting Assets and Liabilities The amendments clarify that the scope of Update 2011-11 applies to derivatives accounted for in accordance with Topic 815, Derivatives and Hedging, including bifurcated embedded derivatives, repurchase agreements and reverse repurchase agreements, and securities borrowing and securities lending transactions that are either offset in accordance with Section 210-20-45 or Section 815-10-45 or subject to an enforceable master netting arrangement or similar agreement. The effective date is the same as the effective date of Update 2011-11.
In Feb 2013, the FASB issued ASU 2013-02, Comprehensive Income (Topic 220): Reporting of Amounts Reclassified Out of Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income The amendments do not change the current requirements for reporting net income or other comprehensive income in financial statements. However, the amendments require an entity to provide information about the amounts reclassified out of accumulated other comprehensive income by component. In addition, an entity is required to present, either on the face of the statement where net income is presented or in the notes, significant amounts reclassified out of accumulated other comprehensive income by the respective line items of net income but only if the amount reclassified is required under U.S. GAAP to be reclassified to net income in its entirety in the same reporting period. For other amounts that are not required under U.S. GAAP to be reclassified in their entirety to net income, an entity is required to cross-reference to other disclosures required under U.S. GAAP that provide additional detail about those amounts. For public entities, the amendments are effective prospectively for reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2012.
In March 2013, the FASB issued ASU 2013-05, Foreign Currency Matter (Topic 830): Parents Accounting for the Cumulative Translation Adjustment upon the recognition of Certain Subsidiaries or Groups of Assets within a Foreign Entity or of an Investment in a Foreign Entity a consensus of the FASB Emerging Issues Task Force The amendments in this Update are effective prospectively for fiscal years (and interim reporting periods within those years) beginning after December 15, 2013. Early adoption is permitted. If an entity elects to early adopt the amendments, it should apply them as of the beginning of the entitys fiscal year of adoption.
The entire disclosure for all significant accounting policies of the reporting entity.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/presentationRef