Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
|6 Months Ended|
Jun. 30, 2012
|Notes to Financial Statements|
|Note 2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies||
a) Basis of Presentation
The accompanying unaudited interim consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in United States or U.S. GAAP for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q as promulgated by the Securities and Exchange Commission or the SEC. Accordingly, these financial statements do not include all of the disclosures required by generally accepted accounting principles for complete financial statements. The accompanying unaudited financial statements and related notes should be read in conjunction with the audited financial statements and the Form 10-K of the Company for the year ended December 31, 2011. In the opinion of management, the unaudited interim financial statements furnished herein include all adjustments, all of which are of a normal recurring nature, necessary for a fair statement of the results for the interim period presented. The results of operations for such periods are not necessarily indicative of the results expected for a full year or for any future period.
b) Consolidated Financial Statements
The financial statements presented herein reflect the consolidated financial results of the Company and its wholly owned subsidiary Viking Delaware. All significant intercompany transactions and balances have been eliminated upon consolidation.
The foregoing interim unaudited consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles or GAAP for consolidated financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q as promulgated by the Securities and Exchange Commission or the SEC. Accordingly, these consolidated financial statements include all of the disclosures required by generally accepted accounting principles for complete consolidated financial statements.
c) Use of Estimates
The preparation of consolidated financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make certain estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts and timing of revenues and expenses, the reported amounts and classification of assets and liabilities, and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. The Companys actual results could vary materially from managements estimates and assumptions. Significant areas requiring the use of management estimates relate to the determination of expected tax rates for future income tax recoveries, stock-based compensation and impairment of long-term investment.
d) Financial Instruments
ASC Topic 820, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures, requires disclosure of the fair value of financial instruments held by the Company. ASC Topic 820, Financial Instruments, defines fair value, and establishes a three-level valuation hierarchy for disclosures of fair value measurement that enhances disclosure requirements for fair value measurements. The carrying amounts reported in the balance sheets for receivables and current liabilities each qualify as financial instruments and are a reasonable estimate of their fair values because of the short period of time between the origination of such instruments and their expected realization and their current market rate of interest. The three levels of valuation hierarchy are defined as follows:
The Company provides disclosures regarding financial instruments as prescribed by generally accepted accounting principles. These disclosures do not purport to represent the aggregate net fair value of the Company. The long-term investment is impaired and its carrying value is reduced to reflect its fair value based on level 3 inputs. The fair value estimates are based on various assumptions, methodologies, subjective considerations and the Guaranty and Repurchase Agreement entered into between the Company and Viking Nevis, which vary widely among different financial institutions and which are subject to change.
Cash includes bank deposits and cash on hand.
f) Loss per share
Basic net loss per share is computed by dividing the net loss by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted net loss per share is computed by dividing the net loss by the weighted-average number of common shares and, adjusted by any effects of warrants and options outstanding, if dilutive, that may add to the number of common shares during the period.
g) Comprehensive income
FASB ASC 220 Comprehensive Income, establishes standards for the reporting and display of comprehensive income and its components in the consolidated financial statements. For the six months ended June, 2012 and 2011, comprehensive loss was $ (219,295) and $ (8,750) respectively.
h) Income taxes
The Company accounts for income taxes under FASB Codification Topic 740-10-25 (ASC 740-10-25). Under ASC 740-10-25, deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. Under ASC 740-10-25, the effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in income in the period that includes the enactment date. The Company provides a valuation allowance for deferred tax assets for which it does not consider realization of such assets likely. The Company did not incur any material impact to its financial condition or results of operations due to the financial statement recognition and measurement of a tax position taken or expected to be taken in a tax return. The Company is subject to U.S federal jurisdiction income tax examinations for the tax years 2006 through 2012. In addition, the Company is subject to state and local income tax examinations for the tax years 2006 through 2012.
i) Stock-based compensation
The Company may issue stock options to employees and stock options or warrants to non-employees in non-capital raising transactions for services and for financing costs. The Company has adopted ASC Topic 718 (formerly SFAS 123R), Accounting for Stock-Based Compensation, which establishes a fair value method of accounting for stock-based compensation plans. In accordance with guidance now incorporated in ASC Topic 718, the cost of stock options and warrants issued to employees and non-employees is measured on the grant date based on the fair value. The fair value is determined using the Black-Scholes option pricing model. The resulting amount is charged to expense on the straight-line basis over the period in which the Company expects to receive the benefit, which is generally the vesting period.
The fair value of stock warrants was determined at the date of grant using the Black-Scholes option pricing model. The Black-Scholes option model requires management to make various estimates and assumptions, including expected term, expected volatility, risk-free rate, and dividend yield. The expected term represents the period of time that stock-based compensation awards granted are expected to be outstanding and is estimated based on considerations including the vesting period, contractual term and anticipated employee exercise patterns. Expected volatility is based on the historical volatility of the Companys stock. The risk-free rate is based on the U.S. Treasury yield curve in relation to the contractual life of stock-based compensation instrument. The dividend yield assumption is based on historical patterns and future expectations for the Company to declare dividends.
j) Long-term investment
Management determines the appropriate classification of investment securities at the time of purchase. Securities are classified held-to-maturity when the Company has both the positive intent and ability to hold the securities to maturity. Held-to-maturity securities are stated at amortized cost. Securities that are bought and held principally for the purpose of selling in the near term are classified as trading securities and reported at fair value, with unrealized gains and losses included in earnings. Securities not classified as held-to-maturity or trading are classified as available-for-sale. Available-for-sale securities are stated at fair value, with the impairment losses, net of income taxes, charged to net income in the period in which it occurs.
The fair value of securities is based on quoted market prices. If a quoted market price is not available, fair value is estimated using quoted market prices for similar securities. A decline in the market value of any available-for-sale or held-for-maturity security below cost that is deemed to be other-then-temporary results in a reduction in carrying amount to fair value.
Impairments that are considered other-than-temporary are recognized as a loss in the consolidated statements of operations. The Company considers various factors in reviewing impairments, including the length of time and extent to which fair value has been less than the Companys cost basis, the financial condition and near-term prospects of the issuer, and the Companys intent and ability to hold the investments for a period of time sufficient to allow for any anticipated recovery in market value.
As June 30, 2012 and 2011, the Company has no trading and held-to-maturity securities. The Companys long-term investment was classified as available-for-sale.
k) Short-term loan
Short-term loan is obligation which is to be repaid within one year of the date issued.
l) Recent Accounting Pronouncements
In May 2011, FAB issued ASU No 2011-4, Fair value Measurement (Topic 820): Amendments to achieve Common Fair Value Measurement and Disclosure Requirements in US GAAP and IFRSs. ASU 2011-04 amends Topic 820 to provide common fair value measurement and disclosure requirements in US General Accepted Accounting Principles (U.S. GAAP) and International Financial Reporting Standards. Consequently, the amendments change the wording used to describe many of the requirements in U.S. GAAP for measuring fair value and for disclosing information about fair value measurements, as well as providing guidance on how fair value should be applied where it is used already required or permitted by other standards within U.S. GAAP. ASU No 2011-04 is to be applied prospectively, and early adoption is not permitted. For public entities, the amendments are effective during interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2011. The adoption of ASU No. 2011-04 is not expected to have a material impact on our results of operations or our financial position.
In June 2011, the FASB issued ASU No. 2011-05, Presentation of Comprehensive Income (ASU 2011-05 which is intended to facilitate the convergence of U.S. GAAP and International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) as well as to increase the transparency of items reported in other comprehensive income. As a result of ASU 2011-05, all non-owner changes in stockholders equity are required to be presented in a single continuous statement of comprehensive income or in two separate but consecutive statements. The option to present other comprehensive income in the statement of changes in equity has been eliminated. ASU 2011-05 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2011 and should be applied retrospectively. The Company expects to adopt this standard beginning in 2012. As ASU 2011-05 impacts presentation only, it will have no effect on the Companys consolidated financial statements.
In December 2011, the FASB issued ASU 2011-12, Comprehensive Income (Topic 220): Deferral of the Effective Date for Amendments to the Presentation of Reclassifications of Item Out of Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income in Accounting Standards Update No 2011-05. ASU 2011-12 defers the specific requirement to present items that are reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income to net income separately with their respective components of net income and other comprehensive income. ASU 2011-12 did not defer the requirement to report comprehensive income either in a single continuous statement or in two separate but consecutive financial statements. The amendments are effective at the same time as the amendments in ASU 2011-05.
The entire disclosure for all significant accounting policies of the reporting entity.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/presentationRef